With the Nobel Prize winners announcement for 2019 , we thought we’d take a quick look at Egyptians who have previously earned the accolade.
Anwar El Sadat
Anwar El Sadat
Mohammed Anwar El Sadat, Egypt’s third president,born 1918 in Egypt.
He is the first Arab and Egyptian who wins a Nobel prize for peace , He was a hero for Egyptians when he regained Sinai after it was occupied by the Israeli forces in 1973 in October.
After the war, Anwar Sadat made a big step towards peace by visiting the Israeli parliament with a plan for a peace treaty.
In 1978, Anwar al-Sadat and The Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the Camp David peace Agreement, the agreement made an end to the Egyptian-Israeli war . In the same year, both were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Naguib Mahfouz is the only Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, Born in Egypt in 1911, And won the Nobel Prize in 1988.
He is one of the most recognized Egyptian writers,Since he was young, Mahfouz loved reading and writing and was inspired by the likes of Franz Kafka and James Joyce, also he was inspired much by the Russian Literature.
Mahfouz began writing when he was seventeen. And his first novel was published in 1939.
Yes, Not so many know that Yasser Arafat, the famous Palestinian leader, was also Egyptian. He was born 1929 in Cairo, Egypt, to Palestinian parents and Egyptian grandparents.
Arafat was the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization , President of the Palestinian National Authority and leader of the Fatah political party.
Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 with the Israeli politicians Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin for thier efforts to create peace in the Middle East in Oslo negotiations .
Ahmed Zewail .
Ahmed Hassan Zewail, born in Egypt 1946,And known as the father of Femtochemistry.
Zewail received a Bachelor’s degree and a MSc in Chemistry from Alexandria university, He later completed his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania
Zewail was awarded in 1999 the Nobel Prize in Chemistry . He became the first Egyptian to win a Nobel Prize in a scientific field.
He held the positions of Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Physics, and the director of the Physical Biology Center at the California Institute of Technology
Mohamed El Baradei
Mohamed El Baradei was born in 1942, and he is the second Egyptian who wins a Nobel prize for peace.
El Baradei studied a Bachelor’s degree in Law from Cairo University, a Master’s degree in International Law from Geneva and a Doctoral of Juridical Science in International Law from New York.
In 2005 Albardei was awarded the Nobel prize for peace jointly with International Atomic Energy for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way.